WEEKEND BRIEFINGBold New Church
Jul. 11 - The Church of England came into being on this date in 1533. The story of its origins is shrouded in sex and therefore important.
Henry VIII assumed the English throne in 1509, an energetic young man of seventeen. He immediately decided to have a male heir. This became the enduring theme of his reign and he consequently came to be known as The Son King (or, to his detractors, The Heir Head).
Henry such a devout Catholic that he earned the title "Defender of the Faith" without even stepping into the ring. His first wife, whom he'd married before taking the throne, was Catherine of Aragon, who earned the nickname "Catherine of Aragon." Catherine was an excellent queen until she didn't have a son, at which point things changed.
By the 1530s Henry had realized he was married to a bad queen. He was now about forty years old and therefore decided to get a convertible coach and a new wife.
The convertible caused no problems, but the changing of wives required the official permission of the Pope, who, being Catholic himself, refused to grant a divorce.
Henry divorced her anyway, and on July 11, 1533, the Catholic Church seceded from the Church of England in retaliation.
The Pope having withdrawn, Henry made himself the head of the Church of England. Because he was still the Defender of the Faith, he wrote the Act of Supremacy. This Act proved that the Church of England was better than the Catholic Church, that King Henry VIII was better than any Pope, and that a Single White King was back in the market.
Sir Thomas More had been the Lord Chancellor of England, and knew Henry as well as any man alive. He therefore refused to swear to the Act of Supremacy, and on July 6, 1535, became Sir Thomas Somewhat Less.
At this point in his career, Henry began marrying and divorcing women on a regular basis. The divorce process was expedited now that Papal authority was no longer a consideration. In fact, Henry turned the entire process into a game: his wives would be blindfolded and asked to produce a male heir. It came to be known as "Bluff King Hal," and several centuries later it served as the inspiration for the popular French game, "Hungry Hungry Guillotine."
Also of Note
Julius Caesar was born on July 12, 100 BC. He is famous for fighting the Garlic Wars and dying of the unkindest cut. His death so shocked the people of Rome that they buried him instead of praising him, although this may have been because he was a Proud Man.
On July 13, 1994, Germany's Constitutional Court ended the ban on German troops fighting outside the country.
(On July 14, 1994, France's Constitutional Court ended their ban on running like hell.)
Birthdays & Holidays
July 11 is the birthday of Suzanne Vega (1959), Leon Spinks (1953), Giorgio Armani (1934), Yul Brynner (1920), E.B. White (1899), and John Quincy Adams (1767).
July 12 birthdays include: Kristi Yamaguchi (1971), Cheryl Ladd (1951), Richard Simmons (1948), Bill Cosby (1937), Andrew Wyeth (1917), Milton Berle (1908), R. Buckminster Fuller (1895), Oscar Hammerstein II (1895), George Washington Carver (1861), and Henry David Thoreau (1817).
July 13 birthdays include: Cheech Marin (1946), Harrison Ford (1942), Patrick Stewart (1940), Jack Kemp (1935), and Bob Crane (1928).
July 14 is the birthday of Harry Dean Stanton (1926), Ingmar Bergman (1918), Gerald R. Ford (1913), Woody Guthrie (1912), and Isaac Bashevis Singer (1904).
July 11 is Independence Day in the Bahamas.
July 12 is Independence Day in Kiribati and Sao Tome & Principe.
July 13 is Cow Appreciation Day.
Enjoy the weekend.
© 2003, The Moron's Almanac